Damask rose is an aromatic flower. Its plant is a onetime flowering plant per year, having 35 – 45 days flowering period starting from the second half of March to the end of April (sometimes to the mid of May, depending upon weather conditions). During the rose flowering period, rose flowers are hand picked on a daily basis during the early morning from 05:00 to 10:00 a.m.
The dried buds and petals of rose are sold in groceries as flavor and laxative agents. Its fragrant flowers are used in foods as rose water, marmalade, and pastry, while its precious essential oil has a worldwide growing demand.
Dried rose petals, in addition to rose oil, are also utilized for various purposes. Medically, to cure digestive problems, it has great importance as a food supplement. In Persian cuisine, chicken with rose is most famous. Most popularly, it is used as a flavoring ingredient (esp. in powder) in many desserts including yogurt, jam, ice cream, rice pudding, Turkish delight, etc.
Damask rose is used for treatment of chest and abdominal pains, menstrual bleeding, and digestive ailments as a gentle laxative for constipation. It is famous as cardiotonic agent for heart strengthening. The decoctions of dried rose are used as diuretic and are recommended for relieving fever, breast pain, and menstrual problems.
Antidiabetic Activity (decrease the glucose level in the blood)
The Analgesic Effects
Source: Shabbir, F. (et. al.) “Damask Rose”, Chapter 17